Space technology is the technology used to explore and operate in outer space. It includes a wide range of hardware and software applications, including satellites, robotic probes, space stations, and other spacecraft. Space technology also involves the design, manufacture, and operation of these components, as well as the infrastructure to support them, such as communications networks and launch systems. Space technology has enabled a range of achievements in space exploration, such as the first human spaceflight and the first landing on the moon. It has also enabled a variety of commercial activities, including satellite communications and remote sensing, as well as research and exploration.